New cross-border power lines improve access to energy
In the remote border region between Afghanistan and Tajikistan, electricity supply is a real challenge: the power lines cross the Panj River which forms the border.
The people in a remote region in the border area between Afghanistan and Tajikistan are finally slated to receive a reliable electricity supply. To achieve this goal, new transmission lines will be built in Tajikistan to supply four Tajik villages and 17 Afghan villages with reliable, cross-border power. The project, with a total volume of EUR 6.3 million, is jointly funded by the German Federal Foreign Office and Norway. The PATRIP Foundation (“Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan Regional Integration Programme”) formed by KfW Development Bank and the German Federal Foreign Office more than three years ago will implement the programme with the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN).
The Afghan/Tajik border region along the Panj River is not connected to the Afghan national power grid. To date, energy has only been supplied there sporadically by local hydropower systems or diesel generators. The Tajik villages were also without adequate energy for a long time because the Soviet power grid that existed until 1991 was destroyed in the civil war.
However, without a reliable power supply there are many services that hospitals and health units are unable to offer, small business owners and manual labourers cannot work with modern methods and households cannot use refrigerators, stoves or televisions. As many of the Afghan villages are located close to the Tajik border, they can be supplied with power from Tajikistan with minimal effort.
Special training for local employees
The project supports the Pamir Energy utilities company in guaranteeing cross-border power supply from the Tajik district of Rushan to the neighbouring Afghan districts of Shugnan und Darwaz. The first step is to build a 32-km long transmission line. More transmission and distribution lines will subsequently be added so that every village has an adequate supply. Additionally, Afghan technicians, meter readers and engineers will be trained to operate and service the network of transmission lines.
Pamir Energy is a stock corporation within the AKDN which has entered into a public-private partnership agreement with the Tajik government. The company was founded in 2002 and holds the concession for energy supply in the region concerned until 2027. Since 2002, Pamir Energy has already rehabilitated and expanded many sections of the outdated Soviet power grid. In 2008 Pamir Energy began supplying cross-border electricity in cooperation with the Afghan national energy company, Da Afghanistan Breshna Shirkat (DABS). AKF Tajikistan will support the energy company in administering the funds and reporting. To transport construction material from the Tajik side across the Panj border river to the Afghan side, Pamir Energy will be supported by FOCUS Humanitarian, another partner in the AKDN.
As many of the Afghan villages cannot be reached by road, material and equipment must be transported from the Tajik side either by boat across the Panj River to Afghanistan or by helicopter to the villages.
Source: KfW Development Bank de
Tajikistan exported 1.1 billion kWh of electricity to Afghanistan in 2014 — The Times of Central Asia com
DUSHANBE (TCA) — Tajikistan exported 1.1 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity to neighboring Afghanistan in 2014, Avesta news agency reported. Tajikistan’s total electricity export in 2014 amounted to 1.3 billion kilowatt-hours (a 37-percent increase compared to 2013), including 236 million kWh to Kyrgyzstan.
Last November, Rustam Rakhmatzoda, head of Tajikistan’s state energy company Barki Tochik, said that Tajikistan exports electricity to Afghanistan along two transmission lines of 110 and 220 kV and at two different tariffs.
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