Coastweek– Dr. Ahmed Sokwala, Consultant Physician and Nephrologist Assistant Professor Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University, explains the kidney transplant surgery which is available at the Aga Khan University Hospital.
According to the doctor, kidney transplant becomes necessary when a patient has chronic kidney disease (CKD) also called kidney failure.
He explained, “This is a condition in which the kidneys lose the ability to remove waste and excess water from the bloodstream.”
“As waste and fluids accumulate, the other body systems get affected, potentially leading to complications.
“It is a dreaded disease and is increasing at an alarming rate all over the world. One in ten persons has some form of chronic kidney disease and about four million Kenyans have a form of kidney disease”
“A number of illnesses can cause permanent damage to the kidneys, but the two main ones are diabetes and high blood pressure which account for about two thirds of the damage.
“Other contributors include obesity, smoking and high cholesterol level. Early detection of kidney disease and appropriate treatment can slow the progression of the disease.”
“Symptoms of kidney problems include blood in the urine, foamy urine, swelling of feet and face and difficulty in breathing.
“With advanced CKD, a patient may develop loss of appetite, increased sleepiness, nausea, vomiting, confusion, and difficulty in thinking.”
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