Thousand years of Islamic Cuisines: ‘Kitab al-Tabikh’ was written in 10th century on cuisine of Caliph of Baghdad | ‘Tannur’ became “Tandoori.” — Read and view all on Saudi Armco World com

BRITISH LIBRARY / BRIDGEMAN IMAGES (DETAIL) An illustrated chronicle of recipes called the Book of Delights from the late 1400s from Mandu, India, shows Sultan Ghiyath al-Din receiving dishes prepared by his royal kitchen. Later, the Mughals created their cuisine from a confluence of Persian, Turkic and Indian elements.  aghdad was the “crossroads of the…

View or Download a Printable PDF “2015 Gregorian and 1436 – 1437 Hijri Calendars” from Saudi Aramco World com at ‘Sweets and Calandars’

Sawsan Abu Farha (chefindisguise.com) Mamoul (karabij or kurabiye in Turkey; klaysha in Iraq) are date- or nut-stuffed pastries in a shortbread dough of wheat flour, sugar and fat (now usually butter). Descriptions date back to Arabic cookbooks of the Middle Ages, and mamoul are among the traditional sweet offerings for the Ramadan iftar (nighttime meal)…

Beautiful Photographs of Doms with both Calendars: Read about the Doms and the Hijri – Gregorian calendars, Download printable PDF version on year 1435 /2014 from Saudi Aramco world com

Photo by Tor Eigeland/sawdia During the extension of the Mosque of Córdoba in 976 under the Spanish Umayyad Caliph al-Hakam ii, this ribbed dome was erected over the mihrab, which indicates the direction of prayer. Entirely covered with glass and gold mosaics, its unique form was probably meant to recall a dome in the Umayyad…

“Social work at Coffee houses Mideast” — Article by Caroline Stoneon on Saudi Aramco World about drinking coffee in middle east during 16th-century

Coffee, native to Ethiopia, was probably drunk there long before there were written records of it, both as a tea-like drink, al-qahwa al-qishriya, made from the husks of the coffee bean, and as brewed coffee made from the beans themselves, called al-qahwa al-bunniya. The beans were also often simply chewed. But the 16th-century jurist al-Jaziri…

Voices of Afghanistan — Saudi Aramco World com news story

Performing in Berkeley on March 2, Voices of Afghanistan is, from left to right, Abbos Kossimov, Pervez Sakhi, Homayoun Sakhi, Ustad Farida Mahwash, Khalil Ragheb and Ezmarai Aref. ince 1980, the San Francisco Bay Area has become home to the largest community of Afghan expatriates in the United States—some 120,000—most of them living in the…