Free Will in Ismaili Shi’ism and Free Will in Twelver Shi’ism – By Farhad Daftary and Faquir M. Hunzai published in Amaana org

Editor’s Note: Two articles are presented here for ease of comparison. Free will versus predestination was an important theological debate, with political implications, in Muslim society dating back to Omayyad times.(…) “snip” (…) In the era of Islam, the required authoritative guidance in religion would be provided initially by the Prophet Moḥammad, and then by…